Royal Canin Moist Canned Food for Mature Dogs +8
Add a bit of variety to your pooch's meal time with yummy Royal Canin wet food.
Mature +8 has been formulated to stimulate the appetite and to help support vitality in ageing small breed dogs. Contains an exclusive antioxidants complex.
Carbohydrates is a term that covers molecules comprised of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. Carbohydrates are predominantly of vegetable origin, with the exception of glucose in the blood, glycogen in muscles and liver, and lactose in milk. All vegetables contain carbohydrates, ranging from sucrose in beet pulp to the most indigestible fibre in tree bark.
Cats an dogs can live without carbohydrates in their food, as the body can synthesise the carbohydrates the body needs from amino acids ingested as protein. The intake of carbohydrates does, however, greatly improve the body's functioning ability.
While glucose, sucrose, lactose and starch have the sole function of providing energy, their botanical origin and how well they are cooked influences their digestion. Diets containing poorly cooked starch can cause diarrhoea. Fibre, which is also a carbohydrate, is very good for gastro intestinal transit and for the balance of bacterial flora in the gut. This is true of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) for instance.
Essential for dogs and cats
Dogs, more than cats, are naturally attracted to foods rich in lipids, but they must be limited when the animal does not get a lot of physical exercise. In the absence of very strict rationing an excess of lipids can lead to obesity. Cats and dogs however cannot survive without them, as they provide energy and essential fatty acids necessary for life.
Lipids constitute a family of organic substances more commonly known as fats. Fatty acids and glycerol, which together form the triglycerides, are the main elements. Lipids may be simple (triglycerides, waxes) or complex (containing many other elements). Cell membranes for example are composed of phospholipids (which are considered complex).
Fats are the benchmark energy source for dogs and cats. One gram of lipid represents approximately 9 kcal of metabolisable energy, two and a half times more than what one gram of carbohydrate or protein provides. Some fatty acids are termed essential and have structural roles for the cell or act as precursors for specific hormones. Dietary lipid sources are all foods rich in animal fats (butter, tallow, lard, eggs, fowl fat, fish oil) and vegetable fats (oils, oilseeds).
For promoting growth, gestation, lactation and physical effort
Cats and dogs require a lot of protein for activity such as cell regeneration, growth, gestation, lactation and physical effort. Proteins are molecules made up of amino acids in a predefined chain that determine their nature and their roles. Amino acids, which are produced by breaking down dietary proteins in the digestive tract, then serve as a basis of the body’s synthesis of the proteins it needs to build or regenerate its organs and structures, convey certain molecules, send messages from one organ to another (hormones) and combat disease (antibodies), among other things.
Proteins are found in a concentrated form in animal products (meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and some vegetable products (cereal gluten, lentils, peas, soy, yeast). Cereals added a dog or cat's diet helps to provide proteins.
Essential for the body
A complete food does not require any mineral supplement. An excess in mineral salts has an adverse effect on good digestibility and may even produce effects contrary to expectations. When a food is burnt the ashes produced are the minerals that were in the food, which generally represent 5-8% of a dry food.
The minerals that are present in high quantities (calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium) are called macro elements. Those present in very low quantities –trace elements– represent a few mg/kg (or ppm), but they are essential to the functioning of the body (e.g. iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, selenium).
Minerals are provided by the different ingredients in the ration.They may also be included in the form of purified salts: iron sulphate, zinc oxide, manganese oxide, copper sulphate,sodium selenite,calcium iodate, etc. Each mineral is involved in several different functions.To keep things simple, we limit ourselves to some of the main roles the most important minerals play in the body.
Vital for the body
A vitamin is an organic compound and is a vital nutrient in limited amounts for many animals. These organic chemical compounds cannot be synthesised by the body in sufficient quantities and must be obtained from the diet. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. There are four fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) and nine water-soluble vitamins (8 B vitamins and vitamin C).
Water-soluble vitamins dissolve easily in water and are readily excreted from the body and urinary output is often a strong predictor of vitamin consumption. Because they are not as readily stored, more consistent intake is important.
Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of lipids (fats) in the diet. These vitamins tend to accumulate in the fat stores of the body which can lead to the development of hypervitaminosis and subsequent toxicities.Vitamins are provided in various ingredients and they can also be included in pure form. As naturally fragile substances, sensitive to light, heat and oxidation, vitamins need to be protected during the cooking process.
Nowadays, some foods have more ambitious goals than simply meeting nutritional requirements by avoiding excesses and deficiencies. In terms of health nutrition it is worthwhile examining selected nutrients that can have added value in the prevention of some diseases, in slowing down degenerative processes like ageing, or simply in improving the animal’s wellbeing.
The terms “Nutraceutic” and “Health Nutrition” are sometimes used in connection with nutrients that are not essential but that can improve quality of life. This highly heterogeneous family, which is being enlarged all the time as our knowledge of nutrition increases, comprises substances as varied as antioxidants to fight free radicals, substances to protect the joints, vegetable extracts to strengthen the skin protection, bacteria to balance in the intestinal flora, etc.
The list is very long, but we have selected a few key examples.
These other nutrients can have shortterm or long-term effects. Short-term goals are improving the functioning of the body or reducing undesirable phenomena, such as painful joints, skin irritations or digestive disorders. In the longer term, the goal is to minimise the incidence of external attacks and curb the effects of the ageing process on selected organs.
These nutrients work on the animal’s body and mind – the cognitive capacities. The provision of antioxidants from an early age for example helps fight against the development of cataracts in the ageing dog and the appearance of some behavioural problems connected to the loss of these adaptation capacities. Many studies in humans have proven the effectiveness of antioxidants in the prevention of some neurological diseases, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.